Call for Papers
Cultures of Commerce in The Global Eighteenth Century
Vol. 3, no. 1
A renewed focus on eighteenth-century commerce and the way commercial networks facilitated the exchange of both goods and of ideas is a recent development in the globalized long eighteenth century (1660–1830). Global Review: A Biannual Special Topics Journal will publish a special issue on “Cultures of Commerce in the Globalized Eighteenth Century.”
Adam Smith, in The Wealth of Nations, refers to the discovery of America and of a sea route to India as “the two greatest and most important events in the history of mankind.” Smith’s comment helps illustrate how the long eighteenth century fostered development of the global economy we still live in. From the East India Company and its near hegemonic control of the Subcontinent, to the emergence of an independent and prosperous United States, to the Atlantic Slave Trade or slave trades, to the European colonization of the Cape Colony trading post, to that of Australia as a penal colony, eighteenth-century economic activity meant that by the time of the coronation of Victoria in 1837, Britain’s commercial interests had become truly worldwide. While these are but the most obvious (and British) examples of a culture of commerce, they indicate how European commercial networks cast their nets across the century into the most distant and remote parts of the globe and created the norm against which distance and remoteness could be judged.
Of course, these commercial networks also carried culture. Though commerce may have been the driving force in European expansion, it was unavoidable that cultural habits and artifacts would flow in both directions along these now-established channels, expropriating, enlarging, hybridizing, or even subverting.
Global Review invites papers on the special topic: “Cultures of Commerce in the Global Eighteenth Century.” We are especially interested in papers that examine intersections between culture and economic activity. Work that reconceives centre and periphery is particularly welcome. Questions addressed by papers might include but are not limited to:
- How did indigenous cultures respond to and appropriate European material and non-material culture?
- How did global commerce influence global culture and vice-versa?
- How did encounters with indigenous cultures affect European commercial and cultural activity?
- What new economic opportunities for individuals were opened up or shut down by the new global economy?
- How might a globalized commerce have helped create people who didn’t fit into conventional social categories? e.g. black British writers?
- How were fictional narratives and rhetorical practice influenced by the global commerce of the eighteenth century?
- How did global commercial networks affect sexual behaviour?
- Should we read global commercial activity in the long eighteenth century as enabling and/or standing in the way of tolerance?
- Were legal procedures (trials, notions of rights etc.) affected by globalized commercial activity?
Please contact the issue’s guest editor, Dr. Charles Carroll, directly with queries: <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Papers or proposals (1-2 pp.) should be submitted by November 30th, 2015 through the form below. For accepted proposals, completed papers will be needed by January 4th, 2016, for peer review.